Exodus Week 5






Step One:  Read Exodus 17

Focus Verses

Exodus 17: 1, 5, 6, 8

1 The whole Israelite community set out from the Desert of Sin, traveling from place to place as the Lord commanded. They camped at Rephidim but there was no water to drink. …5 And the Lord said to Moses, “Go on before the people, and take with you some of the elders of Israel. Also take in your hand your rod with which you struck the river, and go. 6 Behold, I will stand before you there on the rock in Horeb; and you shall strike the rock, and water will come out of it,that the people may drink.”  And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel8 The Amalekites came and attacked the Israelites at Rephidim.

Thoughts from Leslie

The Children of God are continuing their journey to the Promised Land.  Along the way they begin complaining to Moses once again because they are thirsty. Moses turns to God for guidance and is told to strike a rock with his rod. Moses does so, and WATER FLOWS OUT OF THE ROCK! As they are drinking the Israelites are attacked by their enemies. God KNEW that there was no water where He led them- He knew that they would have to DEPEND on HIM to quench their thirst!  He also knew they would be attacked at Rephidim. God was aware of this even BEFORE He led them to this spot.

Reading this chapter prompted these questions:

Why would God lead His children to this area knowing what would happen?

Didn’t God want to keep them safe and well provided for?

In lesson five we will discover the answers to these questions…we will come to realize that these events were SO MUCH MORE than just a drink of water and a battle–these events once again were Lessons of LOVE!


The Amalekites in the Bible were enemies of God.  They were descendants of Esau, who chose earlier in the Bible NOT to follow God. Esau and Jacob (who was later named Israel) were twin brothers and the grandsons of Abraham. We learned earlier in this Bible Study that God first gave His blessing and promise to Abraham in the book of Genesis.  God promised to bless Abraham and make his descendants a great nation. He then passed the blessing on to his son Isaac. Isaac then passed the blessing to his son Jacob.

According to the custom of that day, Esau being the older twin was entitled to a special blessing. Jacob valued God and the blessings that He had promised His people, Esau did not.  Esau thought so little of God and valued this future blessing so little that he willingly gave it up for a bowl of soup! (Genesis 25: 19-34)

God did not want the Amalekites to be His enemies, but He does not force anyone to LOVE Him.  People are born with a choice to make. They can either choose to love God and follow Him, or they can choose to not love God and follow themselves instead. Jacob chose to LOVE God and as a result his children, the Israelites, loved God. Esau chose to only LOVE himself and hate God and as a result his children, the Amalekites, hated God.

Symbolism Behind the Rod

God wanted His children to realize how vitally important it was for them to look to HIM for their strength and provision.  The Lord knew that Israelites would face both evil and “droughts” in their lives. He needed them to learn how to handle both of these situations. God WOULD always be with them, BUT they had to CHOOSE whether or not to DEPEND on Him for their STRENGTH and PROVISION. Through these events, the Israelites would learn that in both their future battles and desert journeys, they must rely on GOD’S MIGHT and RESOURCES to rescue them! They must learn to HOLD ONTO GOD’S STRENGTH- just as Moses HELD onto the rod!

The Battle Begins

As the Israelites were drinking their water, The Amalekites came up from behind and attacked them. Thus, the battle began. We see from these few verses in Exodus that not much was mentioned about the battle strategies or fight plans of the Israelites.  This was because those details were NOT important!  What was important was GOD’S POWER and PROTECTION over His children.  This is symbolized in this story through the rod.

The rod that Moses held during this battle was the same one he held out so many times before.  This rod had been involved in several of God’s miracles before.  It was used to part the Red Sea and again to close the Red Sea (Genesis 14) it was the rod that was JUST USED to cause water to flow out from a rock! This rod represented POWER!!! More than that, it represented God’s POWER!!!!  When Moses held on to the rod and followed God’s commands, God’s power flowed through Moses!

As this battle was fought, the Israelites noticed something huge about the rod and its connection to Moses. They noticed that every time Moses lifted his arms (and rod) to the Heavens they would win that part of the battle. They also noticed that whenever Moses lowered his hands and the rod, they would begin to lose the battle. The Israelites recognized this early on and chose to KEEP THE ROD (God’s Power) lifted up!

When Moses’ arms got too tired to remain raised, two of Moses’ companions helped! Aaron and Hur held his arms up- one on one side-one on the other. These two men continued raising Moses’ arms until sunset when the battle was over!

Exodus 17:  9-13  

9 And Moses said to Joshua, “Choose us some men and go out, fight with Amalek. Tomorrow I will stand on the top of the hill with the rod of God in my hand.”  10 So Joshua did as Moses said to him, and fought with Amalek.  And Moses, Aaron, and Hur went up to the top of the hill.  11 And so it was, when Moses held up his hand, that Israel prevailed; and when he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed.  12 But Moses’ hands became heavy; so they took a stone and

put it under him, and he sat on it. And Aaron and Hur supported his hands, one on one side, and the other on the other side; and his hands were steady until the going down of the sun.  13 So Joshua defeated Amalek and his people with the edge of the sword.

God gives us an AMAZING hands-on lesson! Through this visual God was showing His children that in order to be victorious, it was imperative for the Israelites to stay focused, obedient, and connected to Him! They MUST depend on His strength not their own!  They must keep God lifted up above EVERYTHING ELSE!  The Lord allowed this altercation with the Amalekites so that His children could learn this valuable lesson!

God knew that His children would encounter many enemies in their lives. He wanted them to know early on how they should handle future attacks. He needed them to understand that they would have a choice to make.  In future battles, they could either depend on God’s strength and instruction and be led to victory, or they could look to their own strength and plans and find defeat. The lands around them were filled with enemies of God. The Lord wanted His children to be ready for any evil that they may encounter!

Connections to Us Today


Our lives will not always be easy.  Just like the Israelites, we will be led into “deserts” at different points in our lives.  IF GOD IS THE ONE who leads us there, we can be guaranteed that He is doing so OUT OF LOVE!  If we NEVER had to walk through a desert……  how could God possibly ever build our trust and faith in HIM??We must also realize that sometimes Satan leads us into deserts as well- THAT IS NOT OUT OF LOVE.  We must be careful who we are following.



We STILL have enemies of God today. We may call them by different names other than Amalekites, BUT we are surrounded by people and groups who are EVIL. We cannot defeat evil by our own power. We can ONLY defeat the darkness when we are LOOKING to God and depending on His strength and direction. We MUST hold His rod in our hands and keep our focus on our Heavenly Father!

It is vital to be surrounded by strong Christian friends.  Moses had friends on either side of him to lift his arms when he was no longer able.  We NEED friends like that in our lives!  If we do not have anyone like that, we should intentionally LOOK and PRAY for God to bring us some! The battles and deserts are REAL! We do NOT need to enter them alone!


Poem/Discussion Questions


You Are a Blessing to Me ~

By deborah ann


Have I told you lately,
you are a blessing to me
have I expressed how much
in you, God’s grace I can see.

Have I let you know recently,
how much I appreciate you
have I conveyed in actual words
my gratitude for all you do.

Have I voiced my pleasure,
of just having you around
have I said, you lift me up
whenever I’m feeling down.

Have I uttered my thanks,
for your kindness and love
have I spoken I believe . . .
you’re my angel from above.

Have I told you lately,
what a blessing you are to me
have I expressed just how much
of Jesus ~ in you, I do see!


Copyright 2014
Deborah Ann Belka


This lesson we read about the battle between the Lord’s children and the Amalekites.  For the Israelites to win the battle, Moses had to keep his focus on the Lord.  He demonstrated this by keeping his arms and rod lifted to the heavens. During the night Moses grew tired. He was unable to keep his arms lifted on his own. Aaron and Hur saw his struggle. These two friends chose to help. They stood on either side of Moses and lifted his arms for him! They remained there all throughout the night. With their help, Moses was able to keep the rod raised until the Israelites were victorious.

If it weren’t for these two friends, the story may have ended in a totally different way!


  1.  Who is your best friend and why are they special to you?
  2. Why is it important to have a good friend?
  3.  What qualities do you look for in a friend?
  4.  How many of those qualities do you have?
  5.  Could you be depended during a spiritual battle?
  6. If you felt yourself heading into a spiritual battle, who could you depend on to keep focused?
  7. What is your big “takeaway from this week?

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